Understanding Parramatta Local Court: What You Need To Know


Parramatta Local Court is an important institution that handles various legal matters in the Parramatta region of New South Wales, Australia. For many residents and businesses in the area, the court plays a crucial role in upholding justice and resolving disputes. However, the operations and procedures of the court system can seem complex and intimidating to those who need legal experience. This article provides an in-depth look at Parramatta Local Court and what you need to know about navigating its processes.

Overview of Parramatta Local Court

Parramatta Local Court is located in the Parramatta Justice Precinct on Marsden Street in Parramatta. The court building houses three courtrooms as well as registry and administrative offices. Parramatta Local Court hears matters within its jurisdictional boundaries, encompassing the City of Parramatta council area and surrounding suburbs.

As a Local Court, Parramatta has authority over summary criminal offences, committal proceedings, civil disputes involving claims up to $100,000, small claims up to $10,000, and certain traffic offences. The Governor of New South Wales appoints the magistrates who preside over cases at Parramatta Local Court. In addition to hearing cases, the court provides registry services such as processing bail applications and taking guilty pleas for indictable offences.

Key Personnel and Roles

There are various personnel involved in court proceedings at Parramatta Local Court. Understanding their roles can help you navigate your matter.


Magistrates are the judicial officers who hear cases and make rulings. They oversee all matters that come before the Local Court. Magistrates have extensive legal qualifications and experience before appointment. They must make impartial decisions based on the evidence and applicable laws.

Court Clerks

Court clerks assist magistrates during court proceedings and help maintain court records. They administer oaths to witnesses, mark exhibits, and record relevant details of hearings. Clerks ensure court processes run smoothly.


For criminal proceedings, prosecutors represent the state or police to present evidence against the defendant. Prosecutors call witnesses, tender exhibits, and make submissions to prove the offending. They work closely with police to prepare cases.

Legal Aid Lawyers

Legal Aid NSW provides lawyers representing disadvantaged individuals who cannot afford private legal services. Legal Aid lawyers handle matters across all Parramatta Local Court jurisdictions. Their role is to protect their client’s interests to the best of their abilities.

Private Lawyers

Many individuals and businesses appearing before Parramatta Local Court hire private criminal defence lawyers or civil litigators to represent them. These lawyers utilise their expertise to advise clients and advocate for optimal case outcomes. Their services come at the client’s own expense.


The defendant is the person facing charges in a criminal matter or the party being sued in a civil matter. Defendants are entitled to a fair hearing and opportunities to respond to allegations. In criminal cases, defendants are innocent until proven guilty.

Police Prosecutors

Police prosecutors are officers trained to handle the prosecution of summary criminal matters in the Local Court. They present evidence and arguments against the defendant on behalf of the police force or state.

Typical Jurisdictions and Matters

Parramatta Local Court holds jurisdiction over the following types of legal matters within its geographical boundaries:

Summary Criminal Matters

Parramatta Local Court hears criminal offences that are referred to as summary matters. These are less severe charges that do not involve a jury trial. Typical summary offences include minor theft, low-level drug possession, common assault, trespass, and offensive conduct. The maximum penalty a magistrate can impose is a $11,000 fine and two years imprisonment.


Parramatta Local Court conducts committal hearings for more indictable severe criminal offences to determine if there is enough evidence to proceed to a higher court. Defendants have the right to cross-examine witnesses during committals.

Civil Claims

Civil disputes involve private individuals, organisations or businesses seeking compensation for losses from another party. Parramatta Local Court assesses civil claims up to $100,000 related to consumer issues, motor vehicle accidents, property damage, personal injuries, tenancy disputes, and contractual breaches.

Small Claims

The streamlined small claims process can handle more minor claims up to $10,000. Typical small claims involve disputes between consumers and businesses over goods and services. Proceedings are relatively informal at the magistrate’s discretion.

Traffic Matters

Parramatta Local Court determines guilt and penalties for traffic offences committed within its boundaries. Typical traffic matters include drunk driving, unlicensed or disqualified driving, dangerous driving, failing to stop at a red light or stop sign, and speeding.

Domestic Violence Orders

Magistrates can make Apprehended Domestic Violence Orders to protect victims from abusive partners or relatives. The court assesses evidence to determine if an ADVO is justified. Defendants with an ADVO must adhere to its conditions or face criminal charges.

Bail Hearings

Parramatta Local Court hears bail applications for defendants awaiting trial or sentencing and decides if the person should be released on bail, remain in custody, or be subject to special bail conditions. Bail can be granted or denied based on flight risk, offending history, and case severity.

Appearing at Parramatta Local Court

If you are required to appear at Parramatta Local Court for any reason, it is essential to prepare appropriately:

  • Dress respectfully as you are attending a formal proceeding. Do not wear revealing or offensive clothing.
  • Arrive early and locate your courtroom ahead of time. Have your paperwork and any evidence ready to present.
  • Turn off mobile phones and electronic devices upon entering the courtroom.
  • Stand when the magistrate enters and when addressing the court. Refer to the magistrate as “Your Honour”.
  • Be quiet and do not interrupt proceedings. Seek permission from the magistrate before speaking.
  • Maintain composure and behave courteously at all times. The courtroom must remain orderly.
  • Listen carefully to all instructions from the magistrate and court staff. Ask for clarification if needed.
  • Remain at the court until your matter is complete and you are formally excused.

Appearing at court can be stressful, but being prepared and showing respect will help your experience go smoothly. Take the opportunity to learn more about court processes and seek legal advice if needed. With the proper understanding and support, you can feel empowered to resolve your legal matter at Parramatta Local Court.

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