Understanding NDIS Supports: A Guide To Reasonable And Necessary Services in South Australia


Navigating the intricacies of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) can be daunting. One of the most common questions surrounding the NDIS is: “What supports and services are considered ‘reasonable and necessary’?” Given the unique landscape of services in the region, this query becomes even more pertinent when discussing NDIS Plan management in South Australia.

This blog aims to demystify the criteria that define “reasonable and necessary” supports under the NDIS and shed light on how these services cater to the needs of participants.

NDIS Supports: A Broad Overview

The NDIS funds extensive support and services spanning various domains such as education, employment, social participation, independence, living arrangements, and health and wellbeing. These supports offer individuals with disabilities the opportunities to lead fulfilling lives and participate actively in their communities.

Criteria for ‘Reasonable and Necessary Supports

Only some support or services qualify for NDIS funding. For a service or support to be deemed “reasonable and necessary”, it must meet specific criteria:

Relation to the Participant’s Disability

When evaluating whether a support or service is “reasonable and necessary,” the foremost criterion is its direct relevance to the participant’s disability. Each person’s disability is unique, presenting distinct challenges and barriers. Therefore, the support or service should be tailored to address these specific challenges and enhance the participant’s functional capabilities.

For example, if a participant has a mobility impairment, “reasonable and necessary,” supports might include assistive devices like wheelchairs or mobility aids, home modifications for accessibility, or physical therapy to improve mobility and independence. These services directly target the disability’s impact, promoting the participant’s ability to engage in daily life activities.

Exclusion of Day-to-Day Living Costs

NDIS funding does not cover typical day-to-day living expenses unrelated to disability support needs. It means that expenses such as groceries, rent or mortgage payments, and utility bills are not funded by the NDIS. Participants are expected to manage these costs independently, like anyone else in the community.

The NDIS focuses on providing specialised support and services beyond essential living expenses. It ensures that participants receive the necessary assistance to address the specific challenges posed by their disabilities while maintaining personal responsibility for their general living costs.

Value for Money

Affordability is a fundamental principle underlying the NDIS. While cost is a factor, the primary consideration is whether the support or service offers value for money. It’s essential that the funding allocated for a participant’s NDIS plan is spent effectively and efficiently to achieve positive outcomes.

In other words, even if a service is relatively expensive, it can be considered “reasonable and necessary” if it delivers significant benefits and aligns with the participant’s goals. Conversely, a less expensive service may be preferred if it meets the participant’s needs while maintaining quality and effectiveness.


Effectiveness is critical for determining whether a support or service is “reasonable and necessary.” NDIS funding is intended for interventions, therapies, and supports that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving the participant’s quality of life and achieving their goals.

For instance, if a participant requires speech therapy to enhance their communication skills, the treatment should be evidence-based and effective in addressing their specific communication challenges. The NDIS aims to ensure that participants receive services that yield positive results and contribute to their overall well-being.

Consideration of Other Supports

The NDIS is designed to complement and enhance existing support systems. It’s essential to consider the support already provided by other government services, families, carers, networks, and the community when determining “reasonable and necessary” support.

This consideration prevents duplication of services and ensures that participants receive a coordinated approach to their support needs. The NDIS works collaboratively with other support systems to provide a holistic and integrated care framework, avoiding unnecessary overlap and ensuring the most efficient use of resources.

NDIS Plan Management: A Dynamic Landscape

Navigating the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is a journey filled with intricacies, and South Australia presents its unique landscape. Understanding the evolution of NDIS Plan Management in South Australia sheds light on how this region adapts to the specific requirements of its participants.

Local Insights, Participant-Centered Approaches

One of the notable aspects of NDIS Plan management in Adelaide is its emphasis on participant-centred approaches. South Australia recognises that each participant’s journey is shaped by their aspirations, challenges, and local resources. With this understanding, NDIS Plan management in Adelaide tailors its services to comprehensively meet the individual’s needs.

Community Insights and Connections

NDIS Plan Management in South Australia thrives on understanding local challenges and resources. This insight isn’t confined to a bureaucratic perspective but extends into communities’ hearts. The professionals involved in NDIS Plan Management in South Australia often have an intimate knowledge of the local communities, their strengths, and the available support networks.

Alignment with NDIS Principles

While NDIS Plan Management in South Australia adapts to local nuances, it remains firmly aligned with the core principles of the NDIS. These principles include providing choice and control to participants, ensuring they receive appropriate support, and fostering independence and community inclusion.

A Tailored Approach to NDIS Plans

In the spirit of participant-centeredness, NDIS Plan Management in South Australia aims to ensure that funded supports meet the criteria for being “reasonable and necessary” and align with the individual’s dreams and goals. This approach recognises that an NDIS plan should be more than a list of funded supports; it should be a roadmap to the participant’s aspirations.

Adelaide’s Commitment to Empowerment

NDIS Plan Management in South Australia is viewed as an instrument of empowerment. It strives to empower participants to make informed choices about the support they receive, ensuring that these choices are rooted in their unique circumstances and aspirations.

Fostering Local Partnerships

NDIS Plan Management in South Australia fosters partnerships with local service providers, community organisations, and advocacy groups. These collaborations ensure that participants have access to a diverse range of supports and services that reflect the Adelaide community’s rich tapestry.

Final Thoughts

The NDIS is a transformative initiative, ushering in a new era of disability support in Australia. By understanding the criteria for “reasonable and necessary” services, participants can make informed decisions and make the most of their NDIS plans. As the landscape of NDIS Plan management continues to grow, participants can look forward to even more tailored and practical support in the future from Sky Plan Management.

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