If you are managing a dedicated server for streaming or need dedicated servers with GPU for certain purposes, having a graphical user interface (GUI) can make your experience of managing the server significantly better. Even though Ubuntu Server 22.04 is best known for its command-line interface, installing a graphical user interface (GUI) can make certain operations more understandable and friendly to users. We will discuss how to install a graphical user interface (GUI) on your Ubuntu Server 22.04 in this step-by-step guide. This will allow you to increase the capabilities of your server.
Before we proceed with the installation, ensure you have:
- A dedicated server running Ubuntu Server 22.04.
- SSH access to your server.
- Basic knowledge of the Linux command line.
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Step 1: Update Your System
As always, it’s crucial to start by ensuring your server is up to date. Open a terminal and run the following commands:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade -y
This will update the package list and upgrade any existing packages on your server.
Step 2: Install a Desktop Environment
Because Ubuntu Server does not come with a graphical user interface (GUI), you will need to choose a desktop environment and then install it. The streamlined XFCE desktop environment is one of the most well-liked options. Install it using the command that is shown below:
sudo apt install xfce4 xfce4-goodies -y
Step 3: Install a Display Manager
A display manager is responsible for starting the GUI session. For XFCE, you can use the LightDM display manager. Install it with:
sudo apt install lightdm -y
During the installation, you’ll be prompted to select the default display manager. Choose ‘lightdm’ and press ‘Enter’.
Step 4: Configure Display Manager
Configure LightDM to start automatically upon boot:
sudo systemctl enable lightdm
You can also set LightDM as the default display manager:
sudo dpkg-reconfigure lightdm
Select ‘lightdm’ when prompted and press ‘Enter’.
Step 5: Reboot Your Server
To ensure that everything is working correctly, reboot your server:
After the reboot, your server will start with the XFCE desktop environment.
Step 6: Access the GUI
You can access the GUI by connecting to your server’s IP address with a VNC client or via a remote desktop protocol (RDP) if you’ve installed it. You can use VNC or RDP software on your local machine to establish a graphical connection.
Step 7: Customize Your Desktop
Once you’re in the GUI, you can customize it to your liking. Install additional software, set up desktop shortcuts, and configure your server as needed.
Your ability to administer your server can be vastly improved by installing a graphical user interface (GUI) on your Ubuntu Server 22.04, which will also make the interface more approachable and intuitive. Since machine learning services, neural networks, voice and image recognition have recently become very popular, it would be important to note that installing a graphical user interface on dedicated servers equipped with GPUs is no different from installing it on streaming servers.
Keep in mind that while a graphical user interface (GUI) has many advantages, it may use more system resources than a command-line interface does. Make sure that your server has enough resources to support the GUI without compromising its performance. Take advantage of the improved server experience!